Porteous v. Francies


                                     IN THE
                                 DIVISION ONE

               GREGSON J. PORTEOUS, Petitioner/Appellant,


                 KAREN L. FRANCIES, Respondent/Appellee.

                            No. 1 CA-CV 19-0822 FC
                                  FILED 10-15-2020

            Appeal from the Superior Court in Maricopa County
                            No. FC2018-006750
                   The Honorable Kevin B. Wein, Judge



kdlaw, P.C., Scottsdale
By Kiilu Davis, Sally M. Colton
Counsel for Petitioner/Appellant

By Ryan M. Reppucci, Stacy L. Porter
Counsel for Respondent/Appellee
                          PORTEOUS v. FRANCIES
                            Decision of the Court

                      MEMORANDUM DECISION

Judge D. Steven Williams delivered the decision of the Court, in which
Presiding Judge Samuel A. Thumma and Judge David D. Weinzweig

W I L L I A M S, Judge:

¶1            Gregson J. Porteous (“Grandfather”) appeals the superior
court’s denial of his request for attorneys’ fees and costs. For the following
reasons, we affirm.


¶2           In 2016, Karen L. Francies (“Grandmother”) was appointed
temporary guardian of her minor grandchild. When the temporary
guardianship expired near the end of 2016, the Department of Child Safety
(“DCS”) brought a dependency action. The grandchild continued to live
with Grandmother throughout the dependency. In 2018, Grandmother was
appointed as the permanent guardian of the grandchild and, consequently,
the dependency action was dismissed.

¶3           While the dependency was still open, and shortly before
Grandmother’s appointment as permanent guardian, Grandfather filed this
family court action, seeking an order for visitation with the grandchild.
Grandmother and Grandfather, who are divorced, apparently have a
contentious relationship. Up to that point, Grandmother had refused to
allow Grandfather any visitation with their grandchild.

¶4             The court ruled on various pre-trial motions, including
granting Grandfather’s request for visitation on a temporary basis, and
denying Grandmother’s motion to dismiss. Trial on Grandfather’s petition
was initially scheduled for August 2019 but was continued upon the court’s
directive for the parties to earnestly seek a stipulated visitation agreement.
An agreement was reached the following month. The sole issue remaining
for the court was a request by each party for an award of attorneys’ fees and
costs. After the court denied both parties’ requests, Grandfather timely
appealed. We have jurisdiction pursuant Article 6, Section 9, of the Arizona
Constitution and A.R.S. § 12-120.21 (A)(1).

                         PORTEOUS v. FRANCIES
                           Decision of the Court


¶5            The superior court has discretion to grant or deny a request
for attorneys’ fees and costs under A.R.S. § 25-324, “after considering the
financial resources of both parties and the reasonableness of the positions
each party has taken through the proceedings.” See Myrick v. Maloney, 

235 Ariz. 491

, 494, ¶ 9 (App. 2014). Although a court may award attorneys’ fees
and costs based on either financial disparity or reasonableness, the court
must consider both factors. See In re Marriage of Pownall, 

197 Ariz. 577

, 583,
¶¶ 27-29 (App. 2000). We review the denial of a request for fees under
§ 25-324 for an abuse of discretion and defer to the court’s factual findings
so long as there is competent evidence to support them. Quijada v. Quijada,

246 Ariz. 217

, 221–22, ¶ 13 (App. 2019).

I.     Financial Disparity

¶6              In considering the financial resources of the parties, the
superior court may look to a number of factors, including the financial
disparity between the parties, the ability of the parties to pay the fees, the
ratio of the fees owed to assets owned, and other similar matters, none of
which alone is dispositive. In re Marriage of Williams, 

219 Ariz. 546

, 550, ¶ 15
(App. 2008). The court has discretion to determine how much weight to give
each of these factors. Id.; see also Magee v. Magee, 

206 Ariz. 589

, 592–93,
¶ 17 (App. 2004). However, “relative financial disparity between the parties
is the benchmark for eligibility.” 

Magee, 206 Ariz. at 593

, ¶ 18. Accordingly,
to qualify for consideration, the party seeking attorneys’ fees must establish
that he or she is “financially poorer than the other [party].”

Id. at 591, ¶ 12.

¶7            In his pre-trial statement, Grandfather contends “there is no
financial disparity [between the parties],” a position he maintains on
appeal. Notwithstanding that contention, before denying both parties’
requests for fees, the superior court made the following findings:

       [A] substantial disparity of financial resources [exists]
       between the parties. Grandmother did not file an affidavit of
       financial information but testified that she is not working.
       Based on later testimony from Grandmother, the Court does
       not find this testimony credible. Nonetheless, the Court finds
       that Grandfather’s salary as a doctor of $431,655 in 2018 is
       almost certainly far in excess of whatever Grandmother is
       capable of earning. Because of the disparity, Grandfather has
       considerably more resources available to contribute towards
       attorneys’ fees and costs.

                         PORTEOUS v. FRANCIES
                           Decision of the Court

¶8           Grandfather argues the court’s finding of financial disparity
was not supported by credible evidence and was based solely on
speculation noting the court lacked an affidavit of financial information for
Grandmother and contending that the court did not find Grandmother’s
testimony regarding her employment credible. Of note, the court did not
award Grandmother her requested attorneys’ fees. Grandfather has made
no suggestion, however, at trial or on appeal, that he has fewer financial
resources than Grandmother.

¶9             The “fee-shifting provisions of A.R.S. § 25-324 are intended to
‘[e]nsure that the poorer party has the proper means to litigate the action.’”

Quijada, 246 Ariz. at 222

, ¶ 17 (quoting Garrett v. Garrett, 

140 Ariz. 564

569–70 (App. 1983)); see also Edsall v. Superior Court In & For Pima Cty., 

143 Ariz. 240

, 249 (App. 1984) (noting that § 25-324 was designed to assure the
poorer party a remedy). And, as noted, supra ¶ 6, to qualify for
consideration under § 25-324, Grandfather must establish that he is
financially poorer than Grandmother. See 

Magee, 206 Ariz. at 591

, ¶ 12.
Where a party requesting an award under § 25-324 fails to establish that he
is the poorer party, as Grandfather has failed to do, or even allege, the court
does not abuse its discretion in denying a request for attorneys’ fees and

II.    Reasonableness of Positions Throughout Litigation

¶10            Grandfather also contends the superior court abused its
discretion when it found Grandmother’s positions to be reasonable. Section
25-324 directs the court to consider the “reasonableness of the positions
each party has taken throughout the proceedings” and to evaluate “the
propriety of a litigant’s legal position . . . by an objective standard of
reasonableness.” In re Marriage of 

Williams, 219 Ariz. at 548

, ¶¶ 9–10. If the
court finds a party has acted unreasonably in the litigation, it may, but is not
required to, award attorneys’ fees and costs to the other party. See § 25-324.

¶11           Here, the superior court found:

       [N]either party acted unreasonably in the litigation. For
       example, as a threshold matter, Grandfather could have but
       did not seek to intervene in the juvenile court litigation to
       obtain visitation. Grandfather’s position, therefore, that this
       litigation was necessary solely because of Grandmother’s
       actions is without merit. Additionally, after the temporary
       orders, Grandmother did allow visitation even though she
       herself refused to deal with Grandfather directly. The Court

                         PORTEOUS v. FRANCIES
                           Decision of the Court

       does not find that this, on its own, constitutes unreasonable
       behavior such that an award of attorney’s fees is warranted.
       Grandfather’s behavior likewise was not unreasonable and
       therefore does not support an award of attorney’s fees.

¶12            Grandfather contends the court erred in concluding he “could
have . . . intervene[d] in the juvenile court litigation to obtain visitation.”
Whether Grandfather could have used the dependency proceedings to
request visitation, however, has no bearing on the reasonableness of
Grandmother’s actions. Grandfather further contends that Grandmother’s
refusal to allow visitation was baseless. However, Grandfather had no legal
right to visitation of his grandchild before the court’s grant of temporary
orders. See A.R.S. § 25-409. Upon appointment as the grandchild’s
guardian, Grandmother had the powers and responsibilities of a custodial
parent, including the right to permit or refuse visitation. See A.R.S.
§§ 8-871(D); 14-5209. And, although she refused to personally participate in
exchanges of the grandchild or communicate directly with Grandfather
once visitation orders were issued, Grandmother, nevertheless, complied
with the court’s orders.

¶13            Grandfather has failed to show any error in the superior
court’s conclusion that Grandmother acted reasonably despite her failure
to attend a resolution management conference and status conference, filing
her pretrial statements and exhibits the day before the respective hearings,
filing a motion to dismiss which was denied, and allegedly evading service
setting trial for the underlying action. Competent evidence supports the
court’s findings, and its conclusions are within the court’s discretion. See

Quijada, 246 Ariz. at 221

–22, ¶ 13.

¶14            Finally, Grandfather’s assertion that Grandmother’s failure to
file a financial affidavit is ipso facto evidence that she acted unreasonably is
not supported by the cases he relies upon. In Thomas v. Thomas, 

142 Ariz. 386

, 393 (App. 1984), a dissolution action in which wife was awarded
spousal maintenance and attorneys’ fees under § 25-324, this court affirmed
the trial court’s award of attorneys’ fees finding that husband’s behavior
was unreasonable where he concealed marital property and income in an
attempt to evade spousal maintenance and an equitable division of the
assets. See also Mori v. Mori, 

124 Ariz. 193

, 199 (1979) (holding the amount
of the trial court’s award of attorneys’ fees was proper where lengthy
discovery was required to locate husband’s assets to ensure adequate
spousal maintenance and division the parties’ property); see also Kosidlo v.

125 Ariz. 32

, 34 (App. 1979) (affirming the amount of a trial court’s
award of attorneys’ fees where the record demonstrated numerous hours

                         PORTEOUS v. FRANCIES
                           Decision of the Court

had been expended to ascertain the nature of concealed assets in a
dissolution action involving the division of property and spousal
maintenance). Contrary to Grandfather’s assertion, these cases only
support the proposition that, in a dissolution action involving the division
of property or spousal maintenance, where one party conceals assets,
thereby delaying the proceedings and obstructing justice, the other party
may be entitled to fees. The court did not abuse its discretion in concluding
Grandmother’s actions were reasonable.

III.   Request for Attorneys’ Fees and Costs

¶15           Grandfather and Grandmother request their respective
attorneys’ fees and costs incurred on appeal pursuant to § 25-324. Having
considered the relative financial resources of the parties and the
reasonableness of the positions asserted on appeal, in our discretion, we
deny both parties’ requests.

¶16          Grandmother also requests attorneys’ fees pursuant to A.R.S.
§ 12-349(A)(1), (3) for Grandfather’s “unreasonable positions taken [on]
appeal” which Grandmother alleges were “without substantial justification
and unreasonably delayed or expanded the proceeding.” We conclude
Grandfather’s arguments on appeal lack substantial justification and
unreasonably expanded the proceeding. In our discretion, we award
Grandmother her reasonable attorneys’ fees incurred on appeal, contingent
upon compliance with ARCAP 21.


¶17        For the foregoing reasons, we affirm. As the prevailing party,
Grandmother may recover her costs upon compliance with ARCAP 21.

                          AMY M. WOOD • Clerk of the Court
                          FILED: AA

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