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                               APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION
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                                                        SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY
                                                        APPELLATE DIVISION
                                                        DOCKET NO. A-4327-18T2






                   Argued June 4, 2020 – Decided October 19, 2020

                   Before Judges Suter and DeAlmeida.

                   On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law
                   Division, Passaic County, Docket No. L-0895-19.

                   Zachary D. Wellbrock argued the cause for appellants
                   (McCusker Anselmi Rosen & Carvelli, PC, attorneys;
              Asaad K. Siddiqi and Zachary D. Wellbrock, on the

              Michael P. De Marco argued the cause for respondents
              (De Marco & De Marco, attorneys; Michael P.
              De Marco, on the brief).

        The opinion of the court was delivered by


        Defendants appeal the May 30, 2019 order denying reconsideration of an

earlier order that enforced subpoenas issued in a private arbitration. We affirm

in part and modify in part the order denying reconsideration and the order

enforcing the subpoenas.


        Nicholas Matahen, Maher Al Badri, Mahmoud Abu Romi and Mobin A.

Sheikh (plaintiffs) allege they are current or former members of the Islamic

Center of Passaic County (ICPC).           Defendants include the ICPC, Mazooz

Sehwail (Sehwail), the then secretary of the ICPC and former employee, Nabil

Abbassi,1 the then chairman of ICPC's Board of Trustees and former employee,

Mohamed Qatanani, the Imam of the ICPC, and Fouad Rashed, Samir

    His name is spelled "Abbassi" throughout the appendix but not in the caption.
Obedallah, Omar Awed, Nasir Salim, Abdul Kader, and Mahmoud Karkis

(collectively, defendants).

      In 2015, plaintiffs sued defendants to "restrain financial abuses at ICPC"

which they alleged violated the ICPC's by-laws. They alleged Sehwail used an

ICPC credit card for hotel charges and other personal expenses. Plaintiffs

alleged that Abbassi "improperly authorized payment from ICPC funds for

school tuition for [his] three . . . children."         The complaint alleged

"mismanagement of and/or self-dealing concerning ICPC funds" and sought an

accounting. It alleged unjust enrichment, conversion, and fraud and requested

damages. It also alleged violations of the by-laws by defendants and requested

removal of the then current members of the Board of Trustees.

      Defendants denied the allegations and moved to dismiss the complaint,

alleging that an arbitration clause in the by-laws compelled all the claims to be

submitted to arbitration. In 2016, we reversed an order of the trial court, which

required some, but not all, of the claims to be arbitrated, determining that all

claims were to be referred for arbitration. See Matahen v. Sehwail, No. A-4312-

14 (App. Div. March 24, 2016) (slip op. at 2). The complaint was dismissed

from the Superior Court.

      In December 2018, plaintiffs advised the arbitrators that they proposed to

subpoena records from New Jersey Manufacturers Insurance Company (NJM),

which was Sehwail's homeowners' insurer, and from York Restoration

Corporation (York), Abbassi's employer. Plaintiffs claimed Sehwail used an

ICPC credit card to pay for six weeks of hotel expenses for himself and his

family after their house was destroyed in a fire. Plaintiffs alleged Sehwail

claimed to have reimbursed the ICPC "from funds that he received from NJM in

response to his insurance claim for lodging expenses."

      Plaintiffs claimed Abbassi enrolled his children in schools run by the

Islamic Education Foundation, but at the expense of the ICPC. They contended

that Abbassi received "tens of thousands of dollars in tuition credits for 'roofing

repairs.'" Abbassi explained in his deposition that he "brought in" a roofing

subcontractor used by York to fix the roof of the Al Ghazaly High School. When

the school did not have enough money to pay the subcontractor, the school

proposed it would provide Abbassi with tuition credits for his children , if York,

his employer, paid the subcontractor using monies that York owed to Abbassi

for travel reimbursement.     Plaintiffs wanted to subpoena York's records to

explore this.

       Defendants opposed this application. Defendants contended that the NJM

check was issued on March 20, 2012, and deposited by the ICPC shortly after

that on April 11, 2012, and that Sehwail overpaid the ICPC for the hotel charges.

They produced copies of the front of the NJM check that included the date, and

a deposit slip allegedly including the check amount for the ICPC account.

       Defendants argued that plaintiffs were confusing the ICPC portion of the

tuition with the personal portion of the tuition owed by Abbassi. They admit

Abbassi accepted tuition credits on the personal portion of the tuition for

arranging to pay the amount the school owed to the subcontractor. Abbassi did

this "by signing over to it some amounts that Mr. Abbassi was owed from York."

       On March 4, 2019, the Islamic Arbitration Committee Panel (Arbitration

Panel) entered a discovery order providing that "[t]he Arbitration Panel grants

[p]laintiffs' request to [NJM] and [York] for production of the documents

identified in [plaintiffs' counsel's] December 31, 2018 letter." The subpoena to

NJM2 requested:

             [t]he entire file relating to the claim of Mazooz Sehwail
             and [his wife] relating to [a specific address] including,
             but not limited to, copies of the fronts and backs of all
             checks issued by NJM to Mazooz Sehwail and/or
             [wife]; all claim forms submitted by and/or executed by
             Mazooz Sehwail and/or [wife]; all documentation

    NJM has complied with the subpoena.
            submitted by Mazooz Sehwail and/or [wife] in support
            of their claim; all correspondence between NJM and
            Mazooz Sehwail and/or [wife] relating to their claim;
            and all other documents maintained by NJM relating to
            this claim.

The subpoena to York requested:

            [a]ll documents evidencing payments made to
            subcontractors from funds otherwise due to Nabil
            Abbassi for labor and/or material provided by any such
            subcontractor relating to the roofing project at Al-
            Ghazaly High School, including the fronts and backs of
            all checks issued by York to any subcontractor and
            documents confirming the amounts due to Nabil

      Plaintiffs filed an order to show cause and complaint in the Superior Court

requesting a summary action to confirm the ruling of the Arbitration Panel, and

permitting plaintiffs to serve the subpoenas on NJM and York. The complaint

demanded judgment permitting plaintiffs to serve the subpoenas. The trial court

converted the order to show cause "to [a] regular motion."

      Defendants opposed the order to show cause, filing a cross-motion to

quash the subpoenas. They argued the trial court was not required to defer to

the Arbitration Panel because there is nothing in NJM's claim file about

Sehwail's house fire or York's business records that could possibly lead to the

discovery of relevant evidence.     They claimed plaintiffs were disgruntled

because they did not receive enough votes to be members of the ICPC Board.

      Defendants argued the NJM subpoena was overly broad and moot. They

explained that ICPC President Mohammed El Filali used the ICPC credit card

to pay for lodging for the Sehwail family after the fire as an act of charity.

Sehwail reimbursed the ICPC with the check he received from NJM. Defendants

argued there was no need to produce the entire NJM claim file except to harass

Sehwail. They asserted the claim was moot because they already submitted

sufficient documentation to support Sehwail's allegations: a copy of the front of

the check; the deposit slip listing what was asserted to be the NJM check for

$4109.38, which was deposited along with other checks totaling $13,934.38 in

the ICPC account; and an ICPC bank statement showing the deposit of


      Regarding the York subpoena, defendants argued that plaintiffs

"conflated" the portion of the school tuition paid by ICPC and the portion that

Abbassi paid himself. They argued it was not relevant if the school or the

subcontractor was underpaid, and that none of this could lead to the discovery

of relevant evidence.

      The trial court granted plaintiffs' motion and denied defendants' cross -

motion to quash. In a rider to the April 16, 2019 order, the court noted that

N.J.S.A. 2A:23B-17(a) permits an arbitrator to issue a subpoena for the

production of records, and it can be enforced by a party to the arbitration by

filing a summary action with the Superior Court. Also, N.J.S.A. 2A:23B-17(g)

gave the court the authority to enforce orders or subpoenas issued by an

arbitrator. Based on this authority, the court granted enforcement of the order

issued by the Arbitration Panel.

      Defendants requested reconsideration, claiming the trial court "may not

have considered [d]efendants' primary arguments." They argued the trial court

did not analyze their request to quash the subpoenas under Rule 1:9-2 or Rule

4:10-3. Although the court can enforce a subpoena, they argued the court was

not required to defer to the Arbitration Panel because there was no arbitration

award. Defendants contended the subpoenas are unreasonable and oppressive

because they will not lead to the discovery of admissible evidence and the NJM

subpoena was overly broad. Additionally, they contended the York subpoena

was "unwarranted" because it related to the payments that Abbassi needed to

make to the school, not the ICPC portion.

      Plaintiffs opposed the motion for reconsideration, arguing they had a right

to explore the contentions Sehwail made about payments and the manner of

reimbursement.    They argued the check produced was incomplete.             The

subpoena "will bear directly upon whether [d]efendant, in fact, made a claim

specifically for lodging expenses, and if so, in what amount and whether the

NJM check (D00561) was endorsed and delivered to [the] ICPC." These matters

also bear on Sehwail's credibility. With respect to the York subpoena, plaintiffs

argued the documents are "crucial" in assessing his credibility. Defendants

reiterated their arguments in reply.

      The trial court's May 30, 2019 order denied reconsideration, explaining it

had considered all the parties' papers.     The trial court found defendants'

arguments regarding "discoverability" lacked merit, and the information that

plaintiffs sought was "relevant." The arbitrators also considered the information

relevant in issuing the subpoenas. 3

      On appeal, defendants contend the trial court applied the wrong legal

standard because there was no arbitration award to confirm. They argue the trial

court did not perform any analysis or consider the primary arguments they

raised. They contend the trial court should have applied appropriate discovery

standards, that neither subpoena identified a basis for discovery, and that

impeachment evidence would not be admissible. Defendants assert neither

subpoena could lead to the discovery of admissible evidence or have any bearing

  Defendants' motion for a stay of the order was denied by the trial court. We
also denied a stay pending appeal and a motion for summary disposition.
on any dispute between the parties. Both subpoenas are unreasonable and

oppressive, according to defendants, and only are intended to harass.

Defendants assert the NJM subpoena is moot.


        Our review is limited because defendants appeal an order denying

reconsideration. State v. Puryear, 441 N.J. Super. 280, 294–95 (App. Div.

2015).     Reconsideration is not appropriate merely because a litigant is

dissatisfied with a decision. D'Atria v. D'Atria, 242 N.J. Super. 392, 401 (Ch.

Div. 1990). Reconsideration is appropriate only where "1) the [c]ourt has

expressed its decision based upon a palpably incorrect or irrational basis, or 2)

it is obvious that the [c]ourt either did not consider, or failed to appreciate the

significance of probative, competent evidence." Ibid. Reconsideration may be

granted where "a litigant wishes to bring new or additional information to the

[c]ourt's attention which it could not have provided on the first application."


        Reconsideration was properly denied here because defendants simply

were restating what they previously argued. The court stated in its order that it

took all the arguments and filings into consideration in determining there was

no merit to defendants' position, and that the information requested was relevant.

The court found the arbitrator had the legal authority to issue the subpoenas and

that the court had the ability to enforce them. There then was nothing palpably

incorrect or irrational about the court's order denying reconsideration.

       Defendants' notice of appeal also referenced the order that granted

plaintiffs' motion to enforce the subpoenas and denied defendants' cross-motion

to quash. We discern no abuse of discretion by the court in entering the order

but modify the order to limit it to hotel expenses.

       N.J.S.A. 2A:23B-17(a) expressly provides that "[a]n arbitrator may issue

a subpoena for the attendance of a witness and for the production of records and

other evidence at any hearing and may administer oaths." It also grants the trial

court the authority to enforce orders or subpoenas issued by the arbitrator. Ibid.

A subpoena can be enforced by "filing a summary action with the court by a

party to the arbitration proceeding or the arbitrator, [and then] enforced in the

manner for enforcement of subpoenas in any civil action." Ibid. Plaintiffs filed

a summary action when they filed the order to show cause and complaint. The

court converted that to a motion. There was no objection to the process at the

trial court.4

  Defendants argue in their reply brief for the first time that New Jersey courts
do not have the power to enforce the subpoena directed to York because it is a

      A subpoena may be employed as a method to obtain pre-trial discovery.

R. 1:9–2; R. 4:14–7. Rule 4:10-2 governs the broad scope of discovery. Under

Rule 4:10-2(a), "parties may obtain discovery regarding any non-privileged

matter that is relevant to the subject of a pending action or is reasonably

calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence." In re Liquidation of

Integrity Ins. Co., 165 N.J. 75, 82 (2000). Relevant evidence is "evidence

having a tendency in reason to prove or disprove any fact of consequence to the

determination of the action." See N.J.R.E. 401. Inadmissibility of evidence is

not a ground for objection "if the information sought appears reasonably

calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence." R. 4:10-2(a).

      The court on motion, "may quash or modify the subpoena or notice if

compliance would be unreasonable or oppressive." R. 1:9-2. We review a trial

judge's decision to quash a subpoena for an abuse of discretion. In re Subpoena

Duces Tecum, 214 N.J. 147, 162 (2013).

      The trial court did not abuse its discretion in granting enforcement of the

subpoenas based on a finding that the information requested was relevant.

New York company. We need not consider defendants' argument because it was
not raised before the trial court or in its initial brief on appeal. Selective Ins.
Co. of Am. v. Rothman, 208 N.J. 580, 586 (2012); Nieder v. Royal Indem. Ins.
Co., 62 N.J. 229, 234 (1973).
Sehwail testified in his deposition that he submitted a claim to NJM and did not

indicate the hotel was paid for by the ICPC. However, he said he submitted

receipts to NJM. He also argued he reimbursed the ICPC for more than what it

had paid.    NJM's claim file with the receipts and checks could lead to

information about what was paid by the ICPC and then what was reimbursed.

Plaintiffs should be able to verify this through the claim file.        That said,

however, it is not clear why portions of the claim file that do not relate to hotel

expenses are relevant. The only issue raised by plaintiffs related to the hotel

expenses. Therefore, we modify the court's order to enforce only that portion of

the NJM subpoena that related to the hotel expenses following the house fire.

      With respect to the tuition credits for Abbassi, the question is whether the

ICPC paid for his portion of the school's tuition. Abbassi gave a fairly elaborate

explanation for why the ICPC did not pay his portion of the tuition, but only

York would have the information about the travel expenses owed to Abbassi,

whether these were paid to the subcontractor and whether they were

substantially equivalent to the tuition credit Abbassi received.        Thus, the

information requested in the subpoena to York was relevant.

      There also is no indication the subpoenas are oppressive or unreasonable.

NJM has already complied with the subpoena. York's documentation would

relate to one roofing construction job.

      Affirm in part; modified in part. We do not retain jurisdiction.

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